A patent attorney is an intellectual property professional who has the specialized qualifications necessary for representing clients
in obtaining patents and acting in all matters and procedures relating to patent law and practice. Use of the term is
varies slightly in different countries, therefore one may not require the same
legal qualifications as a general legal practitioner to qualify, although generally it is a prerequisite
to have a first degree in a scientific discipline, for example Mechanical Engineering or Chemistry.
The titles patent agent and patent lawyer are also used interchangeably in some jurisdictions, while in others the latter is generally used only if the person qualified as a lawyer
In the UK, any person can act before the UK Intellectual Property Office, but the titles "Patent Attorney" (which is synonymous with "Patent Agent") and "Registered Patent Attorney" (which is synonymous with "Registered Patent Agent") are reserved terms for those duly qualified.
Qualification is achieved by passing a set of examinations administered by the Joint Examination Board.
Membership of the Chartered Institute of Patent Attorneys as a fellow gives the right to call oneself a Chartered Patent Agent or Chartered Patent Attorney.
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